A colonoscopy is a procedure that is used to examine the full lining of the colon and rectum. It is an outpatient procedure that is used to diagnose a variety of colon and rectal problems, as well as perform biopsies. A colonoscopy is performed by Dr. Babak Rad, a board-certified colon and rectal surgeon who has undergone advanced training. If necessary, Dr. Rad will then able to diagnose and treat benign and malignant diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus.
Colonoscopies provide a more accurate assessment of colon and rectum health than an x-ray or basic examination. The procedure makes it easier to detect polyps and early stage cancer. If polyps are found, they are removed during the procedure, which helps to reduce a person’s risk for developing colon cancer.
Colonoscopies should be part of routine medical care for people over the age of 50. If someone has a family history of colon or rectal cancer, colonoscopies are recommended starting at age 40. The procedure might also be recommended for patients complaining of bowel problems or if the patient suffers from inflammatory bowel disease or unexplained abdominal symptoms.
Patients are required to perform a bowel cleanse during the 24 to 48 hour prior to their procedure. Colonoscopies are typically performed under sedation. A colonoscope is inserted into the anus and manipulated to the juncture where the small intestine and colon meet. The colonoscope allows Dr. Rad to have a close-up look of the internal workings of the colon and remove any polyps or take tissue samples, if necessary.
Colonoscopies typically take less than an hour. The mild discomfort caused by gas following the procedure usually lasts just a short time. Most patients are able to return to their normal routine the next day after a colonoscopy. It is considered an extremely safe procedure with only a minimal risk of bleeding, perforation (putting a hole in the colon), infection, or complications from anesthesia.
For any questions or to schedule an appointment at our Orange County / Newport Beach, CA office, please call (949) 791-6767 .